The graph shows the percentage of sales for the logistics costs in 2005 (6.9%), 2008 (6.9%), and 2010 (6.75%).
These logistics costs were incurred by members of the Grocery Manufacturers Association. Members of this association manufacture food, beverage, and consumer products to sell to groceries. The logistics costs as a percentage of sales were provided in a report on surveys conducted by the Grocery Manufacturers Association of its members.
Members of the association rely on efficient and effective logistics for their success, so their logistical operations are likely well developed and represent best practices. Therefore, the logistics costs as a percentage of sales shown on the chart below represent benchmark goals.
The data used in the graph was obtained from a Grocery Manufacturers Association report on the 2010 survey of its members. This report can be downloaded by clicking here (PDF file).